Language Development

Children's Service Areas

Treating stuttering (dysfluency), kids playing together

Language development has two parts: understanding words (receptive language) and speaking words (expressive language) according to a system of rules.

Receptive Language: A child who has difficulty understanding the meaning of words (vocabulary) and the rules for putting the words together (grammar) is said to have a receptive language delay. These children often have difficulty following directions and/or learning tasks.

Expressive Language: A child who has difficulty using appropriate words (vocabulary) and speaking these words in the correct order (grammar) is said to have an expressive language delay. These children often sound younger than their age.

Language Development Norms

18 months

Expressive

  • minimum 10 words

Receptive

  • approximately 100 words
  • follows simple instructions

2 years

Expressive

  • approximately 200 words
  • produces 2-3 word sentences
  • asks “what’s this, “where’s my”, questions
  • uses 2 word negative phrases (e.g., “no want”, “not go”)

Receptive

  • follows 2 step instructions
  • identifies body parts

3 years

Expressive

  • approximately 1000 words in spoken vocabulary
  • conversational speech, sentence length 3-4 words

Receptive

  • follows 3 step instructions
  • answers “Who”, “Why”, “Where”, “How many” questions

4 years

Expressive

  • approximately 1500 words
  • uses regular and irregular past-tense
  • uses contractions “it’s a” or “there’s a”
  • sentence length 4-5 words
  • uses the word “will” (future tense)

Receptive

  • identifies primary colours
  • identifies basic shapes
  • follows instructions even though objects not present

5 years

Expressive

  • approximately 2000 words
  • sentence length 5-6 words
  • uses all pronouns

Receptive

  • understands spatial relations “on top”, “behind”, “far”, “near”
  • understands common opposites

~ your path to clear communication ~

~ your path to clear communication ~

Speech Pathways is offering speech therapy in Brampton, Mississauga, Milton, Etobicoke, Oakville, Burlington, Georgetown, Guelph, Cambridge, and Kitchener/Waterloo.

Offering speech therapy in:
Brampton
Mississauga
Milton
Etobicoke
Oakville
Burlington
Georgetown
Guelph
Cambridge
Kitchener/Waterloo

copyright © 2009 - 2017 Speech Pathways | 905-302-0264 | conni@speechpathways.ca

copyright © 2009 - 2017 Speech Pathways

905-302-0264

conni@speechpathways.ca